Attention Deficit Disorder
In the 1970’s, medical specialist began using the term “Attention Deficit Disorder” (ADD).
It is a neurological condition involving the under activity in the front outer layer (frontal cortex) of the brain which is responsible for the regulation of attention, impulse control and motor activity. This area of the brain also plays an important role in regulating emotions.
The actually cause or causes of attention deficit disorder is unknown. Studies have shown that the condition maybe inherited and tends to run in the families. It is understand that the condition is most often associated with children, but there has been more recent understanding that it can continue into adulthood for many individuals. Unfortunately, in this case adults are diagnosed or treated for “Adult Attention Deficit Disorder”.
Adults with this attention deficit disorder can get lost doing unimportant activities, not take notice of more important jobs that needs to be done.
They may not be able to fulfill their obligations until the last moment or complete a task only when they feel and external pressure to do so.
Some symptoms or indicator that can suggest ADD are:
- Frequently losing or misplacing things
- Difficulty with expressing thoughts in speech or in writing
- Procrastination; inability to complete things
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It is important to properly diagnose the child or the adults with ADD and then apply appropriate management in education, personal and social development to improve their chances for a successful outcome. With early and proper diagnosis of ADD it can help the child or the adult to put his/her difficulties into perspective.
After diagnoses it is very important to provide the correct treatment for the patient with ADD. The physicians usually first prescribe antidepressants. If antidepressant does not work, the physicians can move to more stimulant medication.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), once called hyper-kinesis or minimal brain dysfunction is characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity which usually start before a child reaches 7 years of age and continue for at least six months.