Attention Hyperactivity Deficit Disorder
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), once called hyper-kinesis or minimal brain dysfunction is characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity which usually start before a child reaches 7 years of age and continue for at least six months. It affects 3% to 5% of all children. This disorder affects 2 to 3 times more in boys than in girls. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder often continues into adolescence and adulthood, and can cause a lifetime of frustrated dreams and emotional pain.
At present, ADHD is a diagnosis applied to children and adults who consistently display certain characteristic behaviors over a period of time. The most common behaviors fall into three categories:
- Inattention – Those individuals who fall into this category find it hard in keeping their mind on any one thing and they may get bored with a task after only a few minutes. They may give effortless, automatic attention to activities and things they enjoy. It becomes difficult when they try to focus deliberately, or giving conscious attention to organizing and completing a task, or learning something new.
- Hyperactivity – These individuals always seem to be in motion. They cannot sit still. They will dash around touching or playing with whatever is in sight or talk continuously. Sitting still through a school lesson can be an impossible task. Hyperactive children squirm in their seat or roam around the room. Or they might wiggle their feet, touch everything, or noisily tap their pencil. Hyperactive teens and adults may feel intensely restless. They may try to do several things at once, bouncing around from one activity to the next.
- Impulsivity – These individual seems to be unable to curb their immediate reactions or think before they act. Their impulsivity may make it hard for them patient.